Hiss, Alger

(1904–1996)
   The fate of Alger Hiss continues to intrigue and divide American political opinion more than 50 years after his conviction for perjury for lying about his role as a Soviet agent. Hiss was one of the most brilliant New Dealers of the Franklin D. Roosevelt administration. He had been a law clerk for Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, then rose to a senior position in the State Department before the age of 40. But in November 1948, Whittaker Chambers testified to the House Un-American Affairs Committee that Hiss had served as a Soviet agent for more than a decade.
   Hiss denied the charge in front of a federal grand jury and subsequently was charged with perjury. (The criminal statute on espionage had expired.) He was tried twice in federal court, the first trial ending in a hung jury, the second in conviction. Hiss spent the next 44 months in federal prison. He spent the last 44 years of his life contesting the conviction, claiming that it was the product of perjured testimony by Chambers and the unscrupulous ambition of then Congressman Richard Nixon. Most scholars now believe that Hiss was a Soviet agent: information from former Soviet intelligence officers, a deciphered Venona message that appears to refer to Hiss, and considerable physical evidence all point to his guilt. Hiss’s supporters believe that the evidence was doctored and that the trial was unfair.

Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hiss,Alger — Hiss (hĭs), Alger. 1904 1996. American public official. Accused of espionage at the height of the Communist scare, he was convicted of perjury (1950) in a controversial case. * * * …   Universalium

  • Hiss, Alger — born Nov. 11, 1904, Baltimore, Md., U.S. died Nov. 15, 1996, New York, N.Y. U.S. government official. He attended Harvard Law School and clerked for Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. He worked at the U.S. State Department in the 1930s, attended the… …   Universalium

  • Hiss, Alger — (1904 1996)    Born and educated in Baltimore, Maryland, Alger Hiss went to Powder Point Academy, Johns Hopkins University, and graduated from Harvard Law School in 1929. He worked briefly as a clerk for Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell… …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Hiss, Alger — (11 nov. 1904, Baltimore, Md., EE.UU.–15 nov.1996, Nueva York, N.Y.). Funcionario público estadounidense. Estudió en la escuela de derecho de Harvard y trabajó como escribiente con Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. En la década de 1930 ocupó un cargo en …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alger Hiss — (* 11. November 1904 in Baltimore, Maryland; † 15. November 1996 in New York City) war ein amerikanischer Rechtsanwalt und US Regierungsbeamter, den man nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg der Spionage bezichtigte. Wegen der Verjährung konnte man …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alger Hiss — Alger Hiss, né le 11 novembre 1904 à Baltimore (Maryland) et mort le 15 novembre 1996, est un fonctionnaire du département d État américain. Il participa à la fondation de l Organisation des Nations unies. Il fut accusé en 1948 d avoir été un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alger Hiss — Alger Hiss. Alger Hiss nació en Baltimore, Maryland el 11 de noviembre de 1904. Oficial del Departamento de Estado de los Estados Unidos, fue convicto dos veces de perjurio por negar que había entregado secretos del gobierno a los rusos. Murió el …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alger Hiss — Infobox Person name = Alger Hiss image size =300px caption =Alger Hiss testifying birth name = birth date = Birth date|1904|11|11 birth place = Baltimore, Maryland, USA death date = Death date and age|1996|11|15|1904|11|11 death place =Lenox Hill …   Wikipedia

  • Hiss — may refer to: * An onomatopoeia for a type of noise comparable to white noise, such as the release of air brakes, or a noise made by snakes. * Tape hiss, high frequency noise present on analogue magnetic tape recordings * Electronic circuit hiss …   Wikipedia

  • Alger Hiss — nació en Baltimore, Maryland el 11 de noviembre de 1904. Oficial del Departamento de Estado de EEUU, fue convicto dos veces de perjurio por negar que había entregado secretos del gobierno a los rusos. Murió el 15 de noviembre de 1996 y escribió… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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